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Jonny Wrays Helpful Guide To Understanding Cricketing Basics
J Wray
Comparable to the likes of Andy Flower and Duncan Fletcher, Johnny Wray has been in charge of youth cricket at Stowupland for many years. Here he passes on some of his cricketing knowledge to help anyone new to the game understand a few of the basic principles of cricket.
Cricket In A Nutshell
Cricket is a bat and ball game consisting of two teams of eleven players. A team is either batting or fielding (determined by a toss of a coin - the winner of which can decide whether to bat or filed).
The team batting is represented by two batsmen in the middle at one time. Their job it is to score as many runs as possible without losing their wicket (being out), the bowlers and fielders job is to limit the batting teams score to as few runs as possible (by taking the batsmans wicket, Ie to get the batsmen out, and to reduce the amount of runs by not allowing the batsman to score highly from individual deliveries). Once a batsman is out he is replaced by another batsman and this process continues until all 11 players have been to the crease, or until the amount of overs (in the case of a one day game) or the ammount of time ( 5 days for a test match) has expired. A batsman can be out in 11 different ways although the most common are; bowled (when a bowler hits the batsmans stumps with the ball); caught (where a batsman hits the ball, without bouncing on the ground, to a fielder who catches the ball);, LBW (Leg Before Wicket where a batsmans leg stops the ball from hitting the stumps); Stumped (where a batsmans stumps are broken by the wicketkeeper after the batsman has left his crease); and run out (when a batsman attempts to score a run by running to the opposite crease only for the stumps to be broken by the ball before he manages to do so). A run is scored by the batsman by either hitting the ball which allows him , before the ball is 'fielded' and thrown into the wicket area, to run to the opposite crease (and back again and so forth depending on how much time he has to run determined by how far the fielder has to run to collect the ball and return it to the wicket area). Runs can also be scored by hitting the ball over the boundary of the field (four runs for a ball that bounces prior to going over the boundary, Six runs for one that doesn't bounce before going over the boundary)
After the first 'innings' the teams then swap around so the team that batted first then fields and the team that fielded first then bats. The object of the game is for the team batting last to score more runs than the team batting first.
Fielding Positions
For fielding positions click here
A Few Simple Rules
A few simple rules explained click here
Umpire Signals
Umpire signals and their meanings click here
Glossary of Cricketing Terms
See several cricketing terms and their meanings click here